Build and lead effective innovation teams: balancing acts

DIO206 cmjnOrganizations can successfully manage innovation only if they have the ability to build and lead effective project teams around their innovation initiatives.

Fig_2_7An effective project team will become a great innovation team if it can manage key trade-offs in terms of level of pressure, diversity, slack and tolerance for diverging and outside perspectives.

DIO208 cmjnBuilding an effective innovation team means mobilizing transformational leaders and team members with the right profiles, background, motivation and skills – not just whoever happens to be “on the bench” when the initiative is launched.


Why we need effective project teams to innovate

Keywords: project management, project teams, global teams, sponsor, teams

  • (Book) Malone, T. W. (2018). Superminds: The Surprising Power of People and Computers Thinking Together. Little, Brown.
  • (Book) Mumford, Michael D., ed. Handbook of organizational creativity. Academic Press, 2011.
  • (Book) Penrose. E. (1959) The Theory of the Growth of the Firm
  • (Book) Spinelli Jr, S., & McGowan, H. (2013). Disrupt together: How teams consistently innovate. Pearson Education.
  • (Video) Chinese Bridge Maker Machine
  • (Video) A Conference Call in Real Life
  • (Article) Blindenbach-Driessen, F., & Van Den Ende, J. (2006). Innovation in project-based firms: The context dependency of success factors. Research Policy, 35(4), 545-561.
  • (Article) Clark, Kim B., and Steven C. Wheelwright. “Organizing and leading” heavyweight” development teams.” California Management Review 34.3 (1992): 9-28.
  • (Article) Cooney, T. M. (2005). What is an entrepreneurial team?. International Small Business Journal, 23(3), 226-236.
  • (Article) Cozijnsen, A. J., Vrakking, W. J., & van IJzerloo, M. (2000). Success and failure of 50 innovation projects in Dutch companies. European Journal of Innovation Management, 3(3), 150-159.
  • (Article) Gibson, Cristina B., and Jennifer L. Gibbs. “Unpacking the concept of virtuality: The effects of geographic dispersion, electronic dependence, dynamic structure, and national diversity on team innovation.” Administrative Science Quarterly 51.3 (2006): 451-495.
  • (Article) Hung, C. L., Kuo, S. J., & Dong, T. P. (2013). The relationship between team communication, structure, and academic R&D performance: empirical evidence of the national telecommunication program in Taiwan. R&D Management, 43(2), 121-135.
  • (Article) Kor, Y.Y. and Mahoney, J.T. (2004). Edith Penrose’s (1959) Contributions to the Resource-based View of Strategic Management. Journal of Management Studies, 41, 183–191.
  • (Article) Martinsuo, Miia, et al. “Project-based management as an organizational innovation: Drivers, changes, and benefits of adopting project-based management.” Project Management Journal 37.3 (2006): 87.
  • (Article) Schoonhoven, C., Eisenhardt, K., & Lyman, K. (1990). ‘Speeding products to market: waiting time to first product introduction in new firms’. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35, 177-207.
  • (Article) Smith, P.G., & Blanck, E.L. (2002). From experience: leading dispersed teams. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 19(4), 294-304.
  • (Article) Smith, D. J. (2007). The politics of innovation: why innovations need a godfather. Technovation, 27(3), 95-104.
  • (Article) Von Hippel, E. (1994). “Sticky information” and the locus of problem solving: implications for innovation. Management Science, 40(4), 429-439.
  • (Article) Wilson, K., & Doz, Y.L. (2012). 10 Rules for managing global innovation. Harvard Business Review, 90(10), 84-90.
  • (Article) Wuchty, S., Jones, B. F., & Uzzi, B. (2007). The increasing dominance of teams in production of knowledge. Science, 316(5827), 1036-1039.

How to build great innovation teams – key trade-offs

Keywords: consensus, cross-fertilization, diversity, group dynamics, innovation teams, task orientation

  • (Book) Amabile, T.M. (1983). The social psychology of creativity, New York: Springer-Verlag; F. Patterson, 1999;
  • (Book) Johansson, F. (2004). The Medici effect: Breakthrough insights at the intersection of ideas, concepts, and cultures. Harvard Business Press.
  • (Book) West, M. (2012) Effective teamwork. Practical lessons from organizational research. London: BPS Blackwell
  • (Video) New Venture Teams, entrepreneurshipLU
  • (Video) Cross-Functional Teams and Their Impact on Driving Innovation by Kuczmarski Innovation (on Vimeo)
  • (Article) Alexiev, A. S., Jansen, J. J., Van den Bosch, F. A., & Volberda, H. W. (2010). Top management team advice seeking and exploratory innovation: The moderating role of TMT heterogeneity. Journal of Management Studies, 47(7), 1343-1364.
  • (Article) Ashforth, Blake E., and Fred Mael. “Social identity theory and the organization.” Academy of Management Review 14.1 (1989): 20-39.
  • (Article) Amabile, T.M. (1998). How to kill creativity, Harvard Business Review, (September/October), 77-87.
  • (Article) Bernstein, E., Shore, J., & Lazer, D. (2018). How intermittent breaks in interaction improve collective intelligence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201802407.
  • (Article) Bikard, M., Murray, F., & Gans, J. S. (2015). Exploring trade-offs in the organization of scientific work: Collaboration and scientific reward. Management Science, 61(7), 1473-1495.
  • (Article) Campbell, D. T. (1960). Blind variation and selective retentions in creative thought as in other knowledge processes. Psychological Review, 67(6), 380.
  • (Article) Chen, M. H., Chang, Y. C., & Hung, S. C. (2008). Social capital and creativity in R&D project teams. R&D Management, 38(1), 21-34.
  • (Article) Cronin, M. A., & Weingart, L. R. (2007). Representational gaps, information processing, and conflict in functionally diverse teams. Academy of Management Review, 32(3), 761-773.
  • (Article) de Mol, E., Khapova, S. N., & Elfring, T. (2015). Entrepreneurial team cognition: A review. International Journal of Management Reviews, 17(2), 232-255.
  • (Article) Eisenbeiss, S., van Knippenberg, D., & Boerner, S. (2008). ‘Transformational Leadership and Team Innovation: Integrating Team Climate Principles’. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 1438-1446.
  • (Article) Fleming, L. (2007). Breakthroughs and the” long tail” of innovation. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(1), 69.
  • (Article) Gilson, L. L., & Shalley, C. E. (2004). A little creativity goes a long way: An examination of teams’ engagement in creative processes. Journal of Management, 30(4), 453-470.
  • (Article) Glynn, M. A., Kazanjian, R., & Drazin, R. (2010). Fostering innovation in complex product development settings: The role of team member identity and interteam interdependence. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 27(7), 1082-1095.
  • (Article) Godart, F., Maddux, W., Shipilov, A., & Galinsky, A. (2015). ‘Fashion with a foreign flair: professional experiences abroad facilitate the creative innovations of organizations’. Academy of Management Journal, 58, 195-220.
  • (Article) Guimera, R., Uzzi, B., Spiro, J., & Amaral, L. A. N. (2005). Team assembly mechanisms determine collaboration network structure and team performance. Science, 308(5722), 697-702.
  • (Article) Gumusluoglu, L., & Ilsev, A. (2009). ‘Transformational leadership, creativity, and organizational innovation’. Journal of Business Research, 62, 461-473.
  • (Article) Harrison, S. H., & Rouse, E. D. (2014). Let’s dance! Elastic coordination in creative group work: A qualitative study of modern dancers. Academy of Management Journal, 57(5), 1256-1283.
  • (Article) Harvey, S. (2014). Creative synthesis: Exploring the process of extraordinary group creativity. Academy of Management Review, 39(3), 324-343.
  • (Article) Hauptman, O., & Hirji, K. K. (1999). Managing integration and coordination in cross‐functional teams: an international study of Concurrent Engineering product development. R&D Management, 29(2), 179-192.
  • (Article) Hill, L. A., Brandeau, G., Truelove, E., & Lineback, K. (2014). Collective genius. Harvard Business Review, 92(6), 94-102.
  • (Article) Hülsheger, Ute R.; Anderson, Neil; Salgado, Jesus F. (2009) Team-level predictors of innovation at work: A comprehensive meta-analysis spanning three decades of research. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol 94(5), Sep 2009, 1128-1145
  • (Article) Keller, R. T. (2001). Cross-functional project groups in research and new product development: Diversity, communications, job stress, and outcomes. Academy of Management Journal, 44(3), 547-555.
  • (Article) Kollmann, T., Stöckmann, C., Meves, Y., & Kensbock, J. M. (2017). When members of entrepreneurial teams differ: linking diversity in individual-level entrepreneurial orientation to team performance. Small Business Economics, 48(4), 843-859.
  • (Article) Kurtzberg, T. R., & Amabile, T. M. (2001). From Guilford to creative synergy: Opening the black box of team-level creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 13(3-4), 285-294.
  • (Article) Leonard, D., & Straus, S. (1997) Putting your company’s whole brain to work. Harvard Business Review 75, 110-122.
  • (Article) Leonard, O., Wiita, N. & Mialne, C. (2017) The Best Senior Teams Thrive on Disagreement. Harvard Business Review, Sep. 18, 2017
  • (Article) Lingo, E. L., & O’Mahony, S. (2010). Nexus work: Brokerage on creative projects. Administrative Science Quarterly, 55(1), 47-81.
  • (Article) Melero, E., & Palomeras, N. (2015). ‘The Renaissance Man is not dead! The role of generalists in teams of inventors’. Research Policy, 44, 154-167.
  • (Article) Morris, M.H., Davis, D.L., & Allen, J.W. (1994). Fostering corporate entrepreneurship: cross-cultural comparisons of the importance of individualism and collectivism. Journal of International Business Studies, 25(1), 65-89.
  • (Article) Mumford, M., Scott, G., Gaddis, B., & Strange, J. (2002). ‘Leading creative people: orchestrating expertise and relationships’. Leadership Quarterly, 13, 705-750.
  • (Article) Oldham, G. R., & Cummings, A. (1996). Employee creativity: Personal and contextual factors at work. Academy of Management Journal, 39(3), 607-634.
  • (Article) Østergaard, C. R., Timmermans, B., & Kristinsson, K. (2011). Does a different view create something new? The effect of employee diversity on innovation. Research Policy, 40(3), 500-509.
  • (Article) Reagans, R., & Zuckerman, E. W. (2001). Networks, diversity, and productivity: The social capital of corporate R&D teams. Organization Science, 12(4), 502-517.
  • (Article) Salgado, J., Anderson, N., & Hülsheger, U. (2009). ‘Team-Level Predictors of Innovation at Work: A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Spanning Three Decades of Research’. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94, 1128-1145.
  • (Article) Shore, J., Bernstein, E., & Lazer, D. (2015). Facts and figuring: An experimental investigation of network structure and performance in information and solution spaces. Organization Science, 26(5), 1432-1446.
  • (Article) Somech, A., & Drach-Zahavy, A. (2013). Translating team creativity to innovation implementation: The role of team composition and climate for innovation. Journal of Management, 39(3), 684-708.
  • (Article) Taggar, S. (2002). Individual creativity and group ability to utilize individual creative resources: A multilevel model. Academy of Management Journal, 45(2), 315-330.
  • (Article) Talke, K., Salomo, S., & Rost, K. (2010). How top management team diversity affects innovativeness and performance via the strategic choice to focus on innovation fields. Research Policy, 39(7), 907-918
  • (Article) Talke, K., Salomo, S., & Kock, A. (2011). Top management team diversity and strategic innovation orientation: The relationship and consequences for innovativeness and performance. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 28(6), 819-832.
  • (Article) Taylor, A., & Greve, H. R. (2006). Superman or the fantastic four? Knowledge combination and experience in innovative teams. Academy of Management Journal, 49(4), 723-740.
  • (Article) Weiss, M., Hoegl, M., & Gibbert, M. (2014). Perceptions of material resources in innovation projects: What shapes them and how do they matter?. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 31(2), 278-291.
  • (Article) West, M. A., & Anderson, N. R. (1996). Innovation in top management teams. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(6), 680.
  • (Article) West M.A. (2002). “Sparkling fountains or stagnant pounds” Applied psychology: an International Review, 5(3), 355-524.
  • (Article) Yang, T., Bao, J., & Aldrich, H. (2020). The Paradox of Resource Provision in Entrepreneurial Teams: Between Self-Interest and the Collective Enterprise. Organization Science.

Transformational team leader and members

Keywords: autonomy, leadership, team member, transformational leadership

  • (Book) Bass, B. M., & Stogdill, R. M. (1990). Bass & Stogdill’s handbook of leadership: Theory, research, and managerial applications. Simon and Schuster.
  • (Book) Damasio, A. R. (2006). Descartes’ error. Random House
  • (Book) Galinsky, A., & Schweitzer, M. (2015). Friend & foe: When to cooperate, when to compete, and how to succeed at both. Crown Business.
  • (Book) Laloux, F. (2015) Reinventing organizations. Lannoo Meulenhoff-Belgium.
  • (Book) Yukl, G. A. (2002). Leadership in organizations.
  • (Video) How to be an Innovative Leader: A Jam Session with Stanford Faculty
  • (Video) Old vs. New Leadership Mindsets and How It Affects Innovation by Kuczmarski Innovation (on Vimeo)
  • (Video) Transforming transformational leadership | Lesley Hayes | TEDxBrentwoodCollegeSchool
  • (Article) Ancona, D., Malone, T.W., Orliwoski, W.J. & Senge, P. (2007) In praise of the incomplete leader. Harvard Business Review, (Feb), 92-100
  • (Article) Avolio, B., Bass, B., & Jung, D. (1999). ‘Re-examining the components of transformational and transactional leadership using the multifactor leadership questionnaire’. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 72, 441-462.
  • (Article) Anderson, N. R., & West, M. A. (1998). Measuring climate for work group innovation: development and validation of the team climate inventory. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 235-258.
  • (Article) Basadur, M. (2004). Leading others to think innovatively together: Creative leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 15(1), 103-121.
  • (Article) Bass, B. M. (1990). From transactional to transformational leadership: Learning to share the vision. Organizational Dynamics, 18(3), 19-31.
  • (Article) Bass, B. M., Avolio, B. J., Jung, D. I. & Berson, Y. 2003. Predicting unit performance by assessing transformational and transactional leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 207.
  • (Article) Cardon, M. S., Post, C., & Forster, W. R. (2017). Team entrepreneurial passion: Its emergence and influence in new venture teams. Academy of Management Review, 42(2), 283-305.
  • (Article) Chamorro-Premuzic, T. (2013). Why do so many incompetent men become leaders. Harvard Business Review, 22.
  • (Article) Chen, M. H. (2007). Entrepreneurial leadership and new ventures: Creativity in entrepreneurial teams. Creativity and Innovation Management, 16(3), 239-249.
  • (Article) Davis, J., & Eisenhardt, K. (2011). ‘Rotating Leadership and Collaborative Innovation: Recombination Processes in Symbiotic Relationships’. Administrative Science Quarterly, 56, 159-201.
  • (Article) Den Hartog, D., Van Muijen, J., & Koopman, P. (1997). ‘Transactional versus transformational leadership: an analysis of the MLQ’. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 70, 19-34.
  • (Article) Denti, L., & Hemlin, S. (2012). Leadership and innovation in organizations: A systematic review of factors that mediate or moderate the relationship. International Journal of Innovation Management, 16(03), 1240007.
  • (Article) Deschamps, J. P. (2005). Different leadership skills for different innovation strategies. Strategy & Leadership, 33(5), 31-38.
  • (Article) Elenkov, D. S., Judge, W., & Wright, P. (2005). Strategic leadership and executive innovation influence: an international multi‐cluster comparative study. Strategic Management Journal, 26(7), 665-682.
  • (Article) Engelen, A., Gupta, V., Strenger, L., & Brettel, M. (2015). Entrepreneurial Orientation, Firm Performance, and the Moderating Role of Transformational Leadership Behaviors. Journal of Management, 41(4), 1069-1097.
  • (Article) Ensley, M. D., Hmieleski, K. M., & Pearce, C. L. (2006). The importance of vertical and shared leadership within new venture top management teams: Implications for the performance of startups. The Leadership Quarterly, 17(3), 217-231.
  • (Article) Furr, N., Nel, K. & Ramsoy, T.Z. (2018) If Your Innovation Effort Isn’t Working, Look at Who’s on the Team. Harvard Busines Review, November 09
  • (Article) Garcia-Morales, V., Jimenez-Barrionuevo, M., & Gutierrez-Cutierrez, L. (2012). ‘Transformational leadership influence on organizational performance through organizational learning and innovation’. Journal of Business Research, 65, 1040-1050.
  • (Article) Gumusluoglu, L., & Ilsev, A. (2009). ‘Transformational Leadership and Organizational Innovation: The Roles of Internal and External Support for Innovation’. The Journal of Product Innovation Management, 26, 264-277.
  • (Article) Hambrick, D. C. (2007). Upper echelons theory: An update. Academy of Management Review, 32(2), 334-343.
  • (Article) Hirshleifer, D., Low, A., & Teoh, S. H. (2012). Are overconfident CEOs better innovators?. The Journal of Finance, 67(4), 1457-1498.
  • (Article) Hornsby, J.S., Kuratko, D.F., Shepherd, D.A., & Bott, J.P. (2009). Managers’ corporate entrepreneurial actions: Examining perception and position. Journal of Business Venturing, 24(3), 236-247.
  • (Article) Howell, J. M., & Higgins, C. A. (1990). Champions of technological innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 317-341.
  • (Article) Jia, X., Chen, J., Mei, L., & Wu, Q. (2018). How leadership matters in organizational innovation: a perspective of openness. Management Decision, 56(1), 6-25.
  • (Article) Jung, D.I. et al. (2003) The role of transformational leadership in enhancing organizational innovation, The Leadership Quarterly 14, 525–544
  • (Article) Kickul, J., & Gundry, L. (2002). Prospecting for strategic advantage: The proactive entrepreneurial personality and small firm innovation. Journal of Small Business Management, 40(2), 85-97.
  • (Article) Lowe, K. B., Kroeck, K. G., & Sivasubramaniam, N. (1996). Effectiveness correlates of transformational and transactional leadership: A meta-analytic review of the MLQ literature. The Leadership Quarterly, 7(3), 385-425.
  • (Article) Lubatkin, M.H., Simsek, Z., Ling, Y., & Veiga, J.F. (2006). Ambidexterity and performance in small-to medium-sized firms: The pivotal role of top management team behavioral integration. Journal of Management, 32(5), 646-672.
  • (Article) Sendjaya, S., Sarros, J. C., & Santora, J. C. (2008). Defining and measuring servant leadership behaviour in organizations. Journal of Management Studies, 45(2), 402-424.
  • (Article) Sarros, J. C., & Santora, J. C. (2001). The transformational-transactional leadership model in practice. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 22(8), 383-394.
  • (Article) Shalley, C. E., & Gilson, L. L. (2004). What leaders need to know: A review of social and contextual factors that can foster or hinder creativity. The Leadership Quarterly, 15(1), 33-53.
  • (Article) Shin, S. J., & Zhou, J. (2003). Transformational leadership, conservation, and creativity: Evidence from Korea. Academy of Management Journal, 46(6), 703-714.
  • (Article) Somech, A. (2006). The effects of leadership style and team process on performance and innovation in functionally heterogeneous teams. Journal of Management, 32(1), 132-157.
  • (Article) Uhl-Bien, M., Marion, R., & McKelvey, B. (2007). Complexity leadership theory: Shifting leadership from the industrial age to the knowledge era. The Leadership Quarterly, 18(4), 298-318.
  • (Article) Yoshida, D. T., Sendjaya, S., Hirst, G., & Cooper, B. (2014). Does servant leadership foster creativity and innovation? A multi-level mediation study of identification and prototypicality. Journal of Business Research, 67(7), 1395-1404.
  • (Article) Yukl, G. (1989). Managerial leadership: A review of theory and research. Journal of Management, 15(2), 251-289.
  • (Article) Yukl, G. (1999). An evaluation of conceptual weaknesses in transformational and charismatic leadership theories. The Leadership Quarterly, 10(2), 285-305.
  • (Article) Zaleznik, A. (2004). Managers and leaders. Harvard Business Review, 1.
  • (Article) Zhou, J., & George, J. M. (2003). Awakening employee creativity: The role of leader emotional intelligence. The Leadership Quarterly, 14(4-5), 545-568.

4 Comments Leave a comment

Submit comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Identify the bibliographic reference you are commenting.