Harvest and protect organizational knowledge assets

KMTo identify attractive opportunities, organizations must systematically manage their explicit and implicit knowledge assets, finding ways to share, combine, disseminate and maintain this unique type of capital.

IP1Innovation opportunities can be sources of competitive differentiation provided that the intellectual capital they are based on is actively protected through a mix of secrecy, lock-in and/or intellectual property rights.

IP2Innovation opportunities can be leveraged if they are supported by effective patenting strategies, balancing protection and disclosure. Not everything that can be protected should be, and patents can and should foster rather than hinder collaboration.

Bibliography

Managing corporate knowledge assets

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  • (Book) Haskel, J., & Westlake, S. (2017). Capitalism without Capital: The Rise of the Intangible Economy. Princeton University Press.
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  • (Book) Tidd, J. (2012). From Knowledge Management to Strategic Competence. Imperial College Press, London. Third edition.
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  • (Video) Knowledge Management in 87 Seconds by InToto Knowledge
  • (Video) Knowledge Management and Innovation, Dr Kondal Reddy Kandadi, TEDxUniversityofBolton
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Protecting intellectual capital

  • (Book) Grandstand, O. (2005) “Innovation and IPR”, in The Oxford Innovation Handbook, Fagerberg, J. et al. (eds). Oxford University Press, pp. 278-285
  • (Book) Smith D. (2006) “Intellectual property” in Exploring innovation, McGraw-Hill, Irwin, pp. 133-152
  • (Book) Teece, D. J. (2000). Managing intellectual capital: Organizational, strategic, and policy dimensions. OUP Oxford.
  • (Video) IP is a thought crime: Joren De Wachter at TEDxLeuven
  • (Video) Intellectual Property’s Role in Innovation by Kuczmarski Innovation (on Vimeo)
  • (Video) The Zinnovants “Protect your innovative ideas
  • (Article) Block, Joern H., et al. “Trademarks and venture capital valuation.” Journal of Business Venturing 29.4 (2014): 525-542.
  • (Article) Castellaneta, F., Conti, R., Veloso, F. M., & Kemeny, C. A. (2016). The effect of trade secret legal protection on venture capital investments: Evidence from the inevitable disclosure doctrine. Journal of Business Venturing, 31(5), 524-541.
  • (Article) Cohen, W. M., Nelson, R. R., & Walsh, J. P. (2000). Protecting their intellectual assets: Appropriability conditions and why US manufacturing firms patent (or not) (No. w7552). National Bureau of Economic Research.
  • (Article) Grasenick, Karin, and Jonathan Low. “Shaken, not stirred: defining and connecting indicators for the measurement and valuation of intangibles.” Journal of Intellectual Capital 5.2 (2004): 268-281.
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  • (Abstrat) McGahan, A. M., & Silverman, B. S. (2006). Profiting from technological innovation by others: The effect of competitor patenting on firm value. Research Policy, 35(8), 1222-1242.
  • (Article) Pisano, G.P. (2006). Profiting from innovation and the intellectual property revolution. Research Policy, 35(8), 1122-1130.
  • (Article) Samuelson, Paul A. (1954). “The Pure Theory of Public Expenditure”. Review of Economics and Statistics. 36 (4): 387–389. doi:10.2307/1925895. JSTOR 1925895
  • (Article) Song, J., Almeida, P., & Wu, G. (2003). Learning–by–Hiring: When is mobility more likely to facilitate interfirm knowledge transfer?. Management Science, 49(4), 351-365.
  • (Article) Stiglitz, J. E. (2008) “Economic Foundations of Intellectual Property Rights”, Duke Law Journal, 57, pp. 1693-1724
  • (Article) Von Hippel, E., & Krogh, G. V. (2003). Open source software and the “private-collective” innovation model: Issues for organization science. Organization Science, 14(2), 209-223.

Managing patents

  • (Book) Harhoff D. (2011) “The role of patents and license in securing external finance for innovation”, in Audretsch et al. (eds.) Handbook of Research on Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp. 55-73
  • (Book) Lévêque, F., & Ménière, Y. (2004). The economics of patents and copyright.
  • (Book) Schilling M.A. (2006) Strategic Management of Technological Innovation (2d ed.) McGraw-Hill, Irwin, pp.183-199
  • (Video) Rise of the Patent Troll: An “Everything is a Remix” Special Presentation de Kirby Ferguson (on Vimeo)
  • (Article) Blind, K., Cremers, K., & Mueller, E. (2009). The influence of strategic patenting on companies’ patent portfolios. Research Policy, 38(2), 428-436.
  • (Article) Blind, K., Edler, J., Frietsch, R., & Schmoch, U. (2006). Motives to patent: Empirical evidence from Germany. Research Policy, 35(5), 655-672.
  • (Article) Ceccagnoli, M. (2009). Appropriability, preemption, and firm performance. Strategic Management Journal, 30(1), 81-98.
  • (Article) Dechenaux, E., Goldfarb, B., Shane, S., & Thursby, M. (2008). Appropriability and commercialization: Evidence from MIT inventions. Management Science, 54(5), 893-906.
  • (Article) Ernst, H. (2001). Patent applications and subsequent changes of performance: evidence from time-series cross-section analyses on the firm level. Research Policy, 30(1), 143-157.
  • (Article) Gallié, E. & Legros, D. (2012). French Firms’ strategies for Protecting their Intellectual Property. Research Policy, 41(4), 780 – 794.
  • (Article) Gambardella, A., Harhoff, D., & Verspagen, B. (2008). The value of European patents. European Management Review, 5(2), 69-84.
  • (Article) Griliches, Z. (1998). Patent statistics as economic indicators: a survey. In R&D and productivity: the econometric evidence (pp. 287-343). University of Chicago Press.
  • (Article) Haeussler, C., Harhoff, D., & Mueller, E. (2014). How patenting informs VC investors–The case of biotechnology. Research Policy, 43(8), 1286-1298.
  • (Article) Hall, B. H., & Ziedonis, R. H. (2001). The patent paradox revisited: an empirical study of patenting in the US semiconductor industry, 1979-1995. Rand Journal of Economics, 101-128.
  • (Article) Heller, M. A., & Eisenberg, R. S. (1998). Can patents deter innovation? The anticommons in biomedical research. Science, 280(5364), 698-701.
  • (Article) Levin, R. C., Klevorick, A. K., Nelson, R. R., Winter, S. G., Gilbert, R., & Griliches, Z. (1987). Appropriating the returns from industrial research and development. Brookings papers on economic activity, 1987(3), 783-831.
  • (Article) Long (2002) “Information Costs in patent and copyright” Virginia Law Review, 90(2), pp. 463-549
  • (Article) Mansfield, E., Schwartz, M., & Wagner, S. (1981). Imitation costs and patents: an empirical study. The Economic Journal, 91(364), 907-918.
  • (Article) Mowery, D. C., Sampat, B. N., & Ziedonis, A. A. (2002). Learning to patent: Institutional experience, learning, and the characteristics of US university patents after the Bayh-Dole Act, 1981-1992. Management Science, 48(1), 73-89.
  • (Article) Paik, Y., & Zhu, F. (2016). The impact of patent wars on firm strategy: evidence from the global smartphone industry. Organization Science, 27(6), 1397-1416.
  • (Article) Parker, G., & Van Alstyne, M. (2018). Innovation, openness, and platform control. Management Science, 64(7), 3015-3032
  • (Article) Pisano, G.P. & Teece, D.J. (2007). How to Capture Value from Innovation: Shaping Intellectual Property and Industry Architecture. California Management Review. 50(1), 278 –296.
  • (Article) Reitzig, M., Henkel, J., & Heath, C. (2007). On sharks, trolls, and their patent prey—Unrealistic damage awards and firms’ strategies of “being infringed”. Research Policy, 36(1), 134-154.
  • (Article) Somaya, D. (2012). Patent strategy and management: An integrative review and research agenda. Journal of Management, 38(4), 1084-1114.
  • (Article) Ziedonis, R. H. (2004). Don’t fence me in: Fragmented markets for technology and the patent acquisition strategies of firms. Management Science, 50(6), 804-820.

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